Being a conscientious
responsible breeder means breeding to continually improve quality of
the dogs, not for financial gain. The study of genetics is very
important in selecting breeding dogs. Knowing the backgrounds of the
bloodlines in your dog's
pedigree is essential in order to do as much as possible to
prevent genetic disorders. Keep this in mind when acquiring a puppy,
for only a healthy companion, full of vitality, can give you many
years of shared happiness.
We take every possible
measure to ensure that our dogs are healthy prior to breeding,
including screening for OFA, CERF, SA, Von Willebrands Disease,
Thyroid, and Addisons Disease.
We test to determine if
they have any of these conditions, or when possible, if they carry the gene. When the
parents are tested and the results come up clean, the odds are good
that the offspring will live out their lives without ever having any
of these genetic problems.
Hip Dysplasia -
In this condition the hip sockets are irregular in shape and it
becomes painful for the dog to walk, often starting at under 2 yrs of
age, requiring medication for the life of the dog, and often surgery.
OFA can screen any dog over the age of 2 for Hip Dysplasia. Have your
vet x-ray the hips according to OFA regulations and mail the x-rays in
to OFA. EVERY BREEDING ANIMAL MUST HAVE THIS! You will get a rating of
Excellent, Good, Fair, Borderline, Mild, Moderate, Severe. Next info
pulled from the OFA website: The hip grades of excellent, good and
fair are within normal limits and are given OFA numbers. This
information is accepted by AKC on dogs with permanent identification
(tattoo, microchip) and is in the public domain. Radiographs of
borderline, mild, moderate and severely dysplastic hip grades are
reviewed by the OFA radiologist and a radiographic report is generated
documenting the abnormal radiographic findings. Unless the owner has
chosen the open database, dysplastic hip grades are closed to public
information. Although OFA will not issue a number prior to age 2, you
can get your dog preliminary x-rayed at 1 to determine what the hips
are likely to look like. This is not set in stone, and should only be
used as a guide. If your dog is fair to borderline, watch it closely
over the next year and DO NOT use it for breeding unless it passes OFA
at age 2. If it shows signs of HD at 1 year, it probably won't get a
lot better with age, so Mild, Moderate, and Severe should probably be
spayed in my opinion. Again, Taken from the OFA website: Preliminary
evaluations can be performed after 4 to 5 months of age. OFA
evaluations are about 90% accurate when compared to follow-ups of the
same animal at 24 months of age. The reason to obtain preliminary
status is to minimize the emotional and financial burden if the animal
is found to have hip dysplasia.
- It is estimated
that 50% of all Standard Poodles are carriers or affected. It is hard
to ID and can be misdiagnosed as hypothyroidism, allergies, etc. All
breeding animals should have a skin biopsy performed by a veterinarian
YEARLY and sent to the Institute for Genetic Disease Control in
Animals (GDC) for evaluation by a GDC approved veterinary pathologist.
In this condition the
dog loses its hair, permanently. It can develop when young, or older.
Currently, there is no cure.
progressive retinal atrophy (and other eye disorders). Genetically
inherited eye diseases, with or without accompanying cataracts and
blindness. You can and should have your poodle's eyes CERF'd
by a Veterinary Ophthalmologist. The Canine Eye Registration
Foundation (CERF) checks to see if any signs of eye problems are
present at the time of testing. Because eye problems can develop over
a short period of time, testing must be done YEARLY on all breeding
Addison's Disease -
With this condition, because of adrenal gland malfunctioning, the dog's
own immune system attacks and destroys its own body's normal tissues.
Oftentime outward symptoms will not show for several years.
Addison's disease is
defined as a substantial decrease in the production of cortisone and
aldosterone by the adrenal glands. A dog affected by this disease will
become ill and then often better for a time. The illness is not easy
to ID. It looks like a flu and the dog will often get better before
the owner takes them to the vet. Some breeders do not feel this is
genetic. Some feel it is. It is always better to fall to the side of
caution and not breed a dog who has Addison's or a dog with close
relatives with it as well.
This, similar to hemophilia in humans, is a condition where the blood
does not clot well. Anything that would normally cause a small amount
of bleeding, either externally (like the puppy steps on something and
cuts its' paw), or under the skin (like a bruise from a bump or tumble
during normal puppy play) will bleed more and be much more serious.
Depending on the severity of the condition this can be life
This is a serious
disease that can be tested for by VETGEN
and completely prevented. A simple cheek swab can be sent to be DNA
tested. You can clearly know whether your poodle is clear, carrier, or
affected with this one simple test.
This is similar to the human variety. It is difficult to
diagnose from outward signs, and if not caught and treated early, can
cause much pain and early death. Generally we see Hypothyroidism as
our main problem. This is an Autoimmune disease resulting in low
production of the thyroid hormones L-thyroxine (T4) and
triiodothyronine (T3). These two hormones control the rate of
metabolism in mammals. Symptoms my include obesity, poor coat, hair
loss, lethargy, heat seeking, skin problems, and infertility. This
disease is treated with hormone therapy.
There are those who feel this is a genetic issue. There are those who
feel this is an environmental issue. There are those who feel this is
a chest structure issue. Standard Poodles are known for having
deep/narrow chest. This might indeed allow a Bloat episode to occur.
Deep/Narrow chest run in lines, so you could consider that to be the
genetic 'link'. Of course, feeding your dog a large meal and then exercising the dog has been proven to cause bloat. Some people feel it is
commercial foods that are so zipped of moisture that cause this